The Science Curriculum

A high-quality science education provides the foundations for understanding the world through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics.

Curriculum Aims

The national curriculum for science aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • develop scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics.
  • develop understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science through different types of science enquiries that help them to answer scientific questions about the world around them

  • are equipped with the scientific knowledge required to understand the uses and implications of science, today and for the future.
Key Stage 1

The main focus of science teaching in key stage 1 is to enable pupils to experience and observe phenomena, looking more closely at the natural and humanly-constructed world around them. They are encouraged to be curious and ask questions about what they notice.

Pupils develop their understanding of scientific ideas by using different types of scientific enquiry to answer their own questions, including observing changes over a period of time, noticing patterns, grouping and classifying things, carrying out simple comparative tests, and finding things out using secondary sources of information. They begin to use simple scientific language to talk about what they have found out and communicate their ideas to a range of audiences in a variety of ways.


Key Stage 2

During Key Stage 2, pupils are given opportunities to broaden their scientific understanding and views of the world around them.  Pupils explore through talk, testing ideas and develop knowledge of everyday phenomena as well as abstract concepts.

Pupils are encouraged to ask questions and seek answers.  They carry out simple comparative and fair tests as well as develop their knowledge by using secondary sources of information. Pupils draw conclusions and use scientific language, first, to talk about and, later, to write about what they have found out.